BASIS FOR PLANNING
1. A.L. [Awami League) action and reactions to be treated as rebellion and those who support or defy M.L. [Martial Law] action be dealt with as hostile elements.
2. As A.L. has widespread support even amongst the E.P. [East Pakistani] elements in the Army the operation has to be launched with great cunningness, surprise, deception and speed combined with shock action.
BASIC REQUIREMENTS FOR SUCCESS
3. The operation to be launched all over the Province simultaneously.
4. Maximum number of political and student leaders and extremists amongst teaching staffs, cultural organisations to be arrested. In the initial phase top political leaders and top student leaders must be arrested.
Operation must achieve a hundred per cent success in
6. Security of cantonments must be ensured. Greater and freer use of fire against those who dare attack the cantonment. 7. All means of internal and international communications to be cut off. Telephone exchanges, Radio, TV, Teleprinter services, transmitters with foreign consulates to be closed down.
8. EP tps [troops] to be neutralized by controlling and guarding kotes and ammunition by WP [West Pakistani] tps. Same for P.A.F. and E.P.R.
SURPRISE AND DECEPTION
9. At higher plane, it is requested that the President may consider the desirability of continuing the dialogue-even of deceiving Mujib that even though Mr. Bhutto may not agree he will make an announcement on 25 March conceding to the demands of A.L. etc.
10. At Tactical Level
(a) As secrecy is of paramount importance, preliminary operations given below should be carried out by tps already located in the city:
i. Breaking into Mujib's house and arresting all present. The house is well-guarded and well-defended.
ii. Surrounding the important halls of the Universities - lqbal Hall DU [
iii. Switching off telephone exchange.
iv. Isolating known houses where weapons etc. have been collected.
(b) No activity by tps in the cantonment area till telephone exchange has been switched off.
(c) Nobody should be allowed to go out of the cantonment after 2200 hrs on the night of operation.
(d) On one excuse or the other tps in the city should be reinforced in the area of the President's House, Governor's House, MNA Hostel, Radio, TV and Telephone exchange premises.
(e) Civilian cars may have to be used for operation against Mujib's house.
SEQUENCE OF ACTIONS
11. (a) H Hr-O100 hrs.
(b) Timings for Move Out
i. Commando [one Platoon] -Mujib's house-0100 hrs
ii. Telephone exchange switched off-2455 hr's.
iii. Tps. earmarked for cordon University--0105 hrs.
iv. Tps from the city to Rajarbagh Police HQ and other PS [Police station] nearby--0105 .hrs.
v. Following places surrounded-0105 hrs: Mrs. Anwara Begum's House, Rd No. 29 & House No. 148, Rd No. 29.
vi. Curfew imposed-0110 hrs by Siren (arrange) by loudspeakers. Duration 30 hrs initially. No passes for the initial phase. Due consideration to be given only to cases of delivery and serious heart attack etc. Evac by Army on request. Also announce that there will be no newspapers brought out till further orders.
vii. Tps move out to respective sectors with specific missions-0110 hrs. (For tp alert a drill to be evolved). Halls occupied and searched.
viii. Tps move to University area-0500 hrs.
ix. Rd blocks and riverine block estb-0200 hrs.
(c) Operations during the Day Time
i. House to house search of Dhanmondi suspected houses, also Hindu houses in old city (int to collect data).
ii. All printing presses to be closed down. All cyclo
styling machines in the University, Colleges (T&T)
and Physical Training Institute and Technical Insti
tute to be confiscated.
iii. Curfew imposed with severity.
iv. Other leaders arrested.
12. Allotment of Tps
to Tasks Details to be worked out by B[
(a) Kotes of EP units taken over, including Sig[nal]s and other administrative units. Arms to be given only to WP personnel.
Explanation: We did not wish to embarrass the EP tps and did not want them to be used in tasks which may not be pleasant to them.
(b) Police stations to be disarmed.
(c) DG [Director General] EPR [
ensure security of his kotes.
(d) All Ansar Rifles to be got hold of.
13. Info Required
(a) Whereabouts of the following:
i) Mujib ix) Oli Ahad
ii) Nazarul Islam x) Mrs Motia Chaudhry
iii) Tajuddin xi) Barrister Maudud
iv) Osmani xii) Faizul Haq
v) Sirajul Alam xiii) Tofail
vi) Mannan xiv) N.A. Siddiqi
vii) Ataur Rahman xv) Rauf
viii) Professor Muzaffar xvi) Makhan
and other student leaders.
(b) Location of all police stations and of Rifles.
(c) Location of strong points and arsenal houses in the city.
(d) Location of tr[ainin]g camps and areas etc.
(e) Location of Cultural Centres which are being used for
imparting military trg.
(f) Names of ex-service officers who are actively helping in
14. Comd and Control-Two commands be established:
Staff -Eastern Comd Staff/or HQ ML
Tps - Loc[ated] in
(b) The Rest of the Province
Comd-Major-General K H Raja
Staff -HQ 14 Div
Tps -Less those in
15. Security of the Cantonment
Phase I De-escalate. All arms including PAF deposited.
ALLOTMENT OF TROOPS TO TASKS
Command and Control: Maj.-Gen. Farman with H.Q. M.L.A. Zone B.
H.Q. 57 Brigade with troops in Dacca, i.e. 18 Punjab, 32 Punjab (C.O. to be replaced by [Lt.-Col.] Taj, GSO I(In't)), 22 Baluch, 13 Frontier Force, 31 Field Regt., 13 Light Ack-Ack Regt., company of 3 Commando (from Comilla).
1. Neutralise by disarming 2
istan Rifles (2500), Reserve Police at Rajar Bagh (2000).
2. Exchange and transmitters, Radio, TV, State Bank.
3. Arrest Awami League leaders-detailed lists and addresses.
University Halls, Iqbal, Jagan
Nath, Liaqat (
5. Seal off town including road, rail and river. Patrol river.
6. Protect factories at Ghazipur and Ammo Depot at Rajendrapur.
Remainder: Under Maj.-Gen. K.H. Raja and H.Q. 14 Div.
H.Q. 107 Brigade, 25 Baluch, 27 Baluch, Elements of 24 Field Regt., 55 Field Regt.
1. Disarm I East Bengal and Sector H.Q. East
and Reserve Police incl. Ansar weapons.
2. Secure Jessore town and arrest Awami League and student
3. Exchange and telephone communications.
4. Zone of security round cantt., Jessore town and Jessore-Khulna road, airfield.
5. Exchange at Kushtia to be made
inoperative. 6. Reinforce •
Troops: 22 FF
1. Security in town.
2. Exchange and Radio Station.
3. Wing H.Q. East Pakistan Rifles, Reserve Companies and Reserve Police to be disarmed.
4. Arrest Awami League students and communist leaders.
H.Q. 23 Brigade, 29 Cavalry, 26 Frontier Force, 23 Field Regt.
l. Security of Rangpur-Saidpur.
2. Disarm 3 East
3. If possible disarm Sector H.Q. and Reserve Company at Dinaj
pur or neutralise by dispersal Reserve Company by reinforcing
4. Radio Station and telephone exchange at Rangpur. 5. Awami League and student leaders at Rangpur. 6. Ammo dump at Bogra.
1. Despatch C.O.-Shafqat Baluch.
2. Exchange and Radio Station Rajshahi.
3. Disarm Reserve Police and Sector H.Q. East
53 Field Regiments, 11 Mortar Batteries, Station troops, 3 Commando Batallion (less Company)
l. Disarm 4 East Bengal, Wing H.Q. East
2. Secure town and arrest Awami League leaders and students. 3. Exchange.
1. Radio Station, Exchange.
4. Awami League and student leaders.
5. Disarm Section H.Q. East
20 Baluch, less advance party;
Mobile Column: Brig. lqbal Shafi with Tac H.Q. and Communications; 24 Frontier Force; Troop Heavy Mortars; Field Company Engineers; Company in advance to Feni on evening D-Day.
1. Disarm E.B.R.C., 8 East Bengal, Section H.Q. East
2. Seize Central Police Armoury (Twenty thousand) 3. Radio Station and Exchange.
4. Liaise with
5. Liaise with Shaigri and Janjua (C.O. 8 East Bengal) who have
been instructed to take orders from you till arrival Iqbal Shafi.
6. If Shigri and Janjua feel sure about their outfits then do not disarm. In
that case merely put in a road block to town from Cantt.
by placing a company in defensive position so that
later E.B.R.C. and 8 East
7. I am taking Brig. Mozamdar with me. Arrest Chaudhry (C.I.E.B.R.C.) on D-Day night.
8. Arrest of Awami League and student leaders after above accomplished.
Source: “Witness to Surrender” by Siddiq Salik, The University Press Limited, Appendix – III, p.228-234.