Father’s Name: Shaheed Sudhir Kumer Chakravorty
Age in 1971 24 yrs, Educational
Qualification, M.Sc., Law Student
1971, Law Student. Current
What have you heard about the attack by the
Pak Army Janta on Mar 26, 1971? What was your feeling then?
It was about 12 mid-night. My father came home
and said that the Pak Army had launched an attack in Dhaka
with tanks and other armored vehicles. They were killing men, women and
children indiscriminately. When I heard this my immediate reaction was that the
liberation war had already begun. From then till the country would be liberated
the war will keep on continuing.
Were you at your village home then?
I was in our home in the town. On April
26 the Pak troops landed in Barisal (town}
for the first time. A few days before this happened we moved to our village
home. Most probably towards the end of July I left for India.
My father who was a lawyer remained in the village. Some selfish people gave
wrong information to my father that if he had returned to the town no harm will
be done to him. So he returned to Barisal
town on August 12 in the day time and in the night my farther was captured by
the Pakistani army and most likely he was killed in the same night.
When did the Pak army attack your
village? How did they launch the attack?
The Pak Army attacked Barisal town on April 26, 1971. They killed many
people and many were taken prisoner. The name of our village is Shyampur, the army attacked this village. There was a Muktibahini camp in Shyampur. The
village school, shops, godown etc were burnt down.
The Pak bahini maintained control over Barisal town from April 26 to Dec 8, 1971. During this period they
killed innumerable people. I cannot remember their names at this moment. Among
the shaheeds were, Mujibur Rahman Kanchan,
Advocate Jitendra Lal Dutta, my father Advcate Sudhir Kumer Chakravorty,
Anwar Hossain, Fazlul Kabir Selim,
Bibuhuti Chattopadhya who
was post master of Barisal,
Professor Rafiqul Islam, Professor Sunil Baran Chakravorty, Professor
Abdul Halim Khan, Advocate Lalit
Kumer and many others. Those who became shaheed in frontal fight with the Pak army included Thomas,
Ashish Bepari, Mir Moshtaq Hossain Sentu and others. As soon as the Pak army landed in
Barisal some of their henchmen
instigated them to go on a rampage of looting. Wherever the Pak bahini had gone in the district of Barisal
they looted and burnt down the homes belonging to the minority community, Awami League leaders and supporters. On top of that they
carried out torture and abused women indiscriminately. I remember when the
Barisal town was liberated we went
to what was once the cantonment and found many girls and rescued them. Wherever
the Pak bahini had gone, they tortured and raped
Has any one from your family become Shaheed? And how did it happen?
Yes, my father Sudhir
Kumer Chakravorty who was a
well-known advocate of Barisal
bar became shaheed. My father was a very famous
lawyer of Barisal.
He was 63 years old then. On Aug 12,
1971, the army arrested my father from our Barisal town residence and in the
same night he was taken to a river bank and killed. In the same night a Hindu boy,
aged about 20/22 years whose name was Gaurango was
captured along with a Muslim Advocate by the name Abdus
Sattar Howlader. Abdus Sattar was taken to the
cantonment and tortured. My father and Gaurango were
taken to a river bank and were made to stand close to each other so that they
could be killed with one bullet. Immediately before they fired Gaurango jumped into the river and swam across the river
and he saved his life. My father received the bullet and died on the spot.
Later on I came to know about this episode from Gaurango.
When did the Muktibahini
operations start in your area and what was the feeling of the common people about them?
Quite naturally the common people
accepted the Muktibahini as their saviors and
liberators. They had strong feeling of affection for the Muktijoddhas.
Every body gave them food, had taken care of them, whatever was possible the
villagers did for them. In the Barisal
town the operations of the muktibahini practically
started in the month of June. About the same time the Muktibahini
also spread itself over the Bakerganj thana (police
station) and excepting for the area adjacent to the thana itself nowhere else the Pak bahini had their control. It was rather natural for them to
have control over the Barisal
town. Even then the Muktibaihini continued their
clandestine attacks on many areas of the town at different times on different
targets. Even they launched an attack on a procession in favour
towards the end of November in broad day light in the Barisal town. In addition there
were some very important incidents. One of them was a daring attack on
an oil tanker which was anchored at the Barisal river port. The guerrillas
displaying devilish courage advanced from the other bank of the river and mined
the tanker and destroyed the vessel. Most likely it happened towards the end of
October. There were many such acts of courage that our Muktibahini
Who were the Rajakars in your village or the
area around it? Who were the “Peace Committee” members?
Before I say anything about the village I
would like to speak something about the situation in the Barisal town. The Pakistans had set up “Peace
Committee” in the Barisal
distict and the town. Most likely Mr. Abdur Rab, an
was the chairman of the committee. He was a terror. Later on during the
presidency of Ziaur Rahman, Mr
Rob was elected an M.P from his party. Some years later he died of natural
causes. Another person named Shahjahan Chowdhury was secretary of the committee and former president (of Bangladesh)
Abdur Rahman Biswas was
vice-president of the committee. The chairman of our Shyampur
village was Hashem of Bakherganj
area. He is till alive. There were many others who were members of the
committee. I remember there was a fellow behind our village home whose name was
looter Ghafoor. He was a dagi
(confirmed) criminal. We had allegations against him. But he got a (clearance)
certificate from an Awami League leader and went
under his protection. Who knows how he managed it. In the same way many Razakars and big leaders of “Peace Committee” went
unpunished. Later on after Aug 15,
1975 killing of Bangabandhu, these dalals(agents)
and Razakars through off their masks and came out
openly and started a hate campaign against him. And yet these people were saved
from death by some Awami League leaders and freedom
fighters. Later on these infamous people openly joined a powerful political
party and established themselves socially and politically.
Q. What did you see when you returned to your village after the war? What
was the condition of homesteads, schools, colleges, madrashas,
mosques, temples, bridges etc?
A. All that was left of our town house was only the structure. Everything
was looted. Nothing was left. The Pakistanis did not destroy the schools of the
town because they used these as camps. The mosques and temples were completely
destroyed. The bridges in Barisal
town were not harmed. But outside the town the mukti bahini in some places destroyed the bridges. It was a
strategic necessity to fight the war. In our own village I found the main
school and the entire market place were totally burnt down.
What did you do with your weapons after the war?
When I returned to my village there was an immediate call to surrender
them. In other words we couldn’t keep them any longer. So I
surrendered my arms and returned with a certificate from the mukti bahini.
Which are the areas where widespread killing, arson and looting took
A. There are many areas in Barisal district where widespread
killing took place. One of them is the Kalashkati
This Klashkati village is mainly inhabited by Hindu
families and the people are quite well to do. In the month of May after the Pak troops captured
Barisal they attacked Kalashkati.
About 3 hundred people were killed. Women were subjected to all kinds of
torture, humiliation and rape. No less than 50 homesteads were burnt down. The
market place was totally burnt down. In addition to this in the same month they
carried out another attack. This time the target was a Namasudra (low caste Hindu)
village on the other side of the police station. In this attack the Pak troops
used gunboats. Here also no less than 300 people died. Women were tortured and
abused. Everything was looted. In several areas of Nolchiti
police station the Pak troops carried out ruthless military operation. In Kushangal village they killed 50 people and tortured and abused
women. Besides whenever Pakistani troops landed in any place they indiscriminately killed anyone they found
in front of them. They conducted a bigger operation in Shyampur
village. Besides these, I have seen the Pak troops attacking a village on the
eastern bank of the river Paera. We were at the west side of the village and I watched
the operation from the other bank of the river. At that point the Paera river is about two miles in
width. They attacked with gun boats. I saw houses after houses were in blaze.
Then there was another operation in the guava grove of Shwarupkati. Hundreds of Hindu men, women and children were
massacred in the Atghar Kuriana
village. Very naturally they violated women, and looted whatever they could
find. In Gaurnadi the Mukti
Bahhini had already taken position and were active and they offered resistance. And in Barisal town the Pakis took away
men from their homes and next day they would disappear. There were innumerable
Q.Who were the ones killed in armed confrontation?
A. Professor Mir Moshtaq Hossain Shentu became Shaheed (died in
operation). Most likely he died on 8th or 9th December in
the battle to liberate Bakherganj police station.
Then Shaheed Anwar Hossain, a sepoy of the Bengal
a martyr. He took part in the military operation against the Pakis in Bata-jore on
Aug 16. He was captured by the enemy and killed. Shaheed Fazlul Karim Selim, a lance-naik of East Pakistan Rifles died in the operation in Baufal just one month before the country was liberated.
There were others like Thomas, Ashik Bepari who died on Nov 19 in the Shyampur
operation and became Shaheed.
Q What did you do after the war was
A. I was a student of
College. I completed my Law degree
and started my career as a lawyer as a member of the Barisal
Bar and since then I have been practicing
Date; 11 July 1996