Name:† Amulya Chandra Roy
Fatherís name: Sri Jagabandhu Roy
Vill:† Daudpur, P.O. Katla Hat
PS:† Birampur, Dt. Dinajpur
Educational qualification in 1971:† H. S. C
Age in 1971:† 18/19 yrs
Profession in 1971: Student, Present occupation: Village Doctor.
Q.† Were you attacked by the Pakistani soldiers in 1971?
A.† Yes, I was.
Q.† How were you attacked?
A.† The village Dakshin
Ramchandrapur is located in the south of Katla Hat. The Pakistani troops were marching towards this
village from Hilli after crossing the Sonara river after stopping at Khasida camp. At that time I was grazing cattle. It was
before I went to
Q.† Why did you join the liberation war?
A.† For the sake of my country. Pakistanis had
created terror inside the country. They used to transfer all our wealth to
Q.† When did the Pakistanis attack your locality?
A.† In the middle of May they launched vicious attacks on our locality.
Q.† How did they make these attacks?
A.† They would come during the day by train or by motor transport burning down roadside houses and abusing women wherever they were found.
Q.† Has any one of your family become Shaheed at the hands of the
A.† Our home is in the border area. Soon after I
had crossed over to
Q.† When did the muktibahini activities start in your area?
A.† After the month of May these activities started. Those who had taken training in guerrilla warfare had become active soon after May. In the cover of darkness we would blow up railway bridges and destroy the level crossings. The guerrillas used to ambush the enemy troops and quickly disappear from the area because we had only a short training of 28 days. This is why we always carried out such sudden attacks on the enemy taking them by surprise.
Q.† As a guerrilla how did you engage the enemy?
Q.† What was the public impression about the freedom fighters at the time?
A.† The general public had a very good impression about the muktibahini boys. People had only one aim and that was to free the country. They used to offer food, shelter within their own limited resources.
Q.† Who were the people who had gone against you?
A.† It was the Biharis and the Rajakars who were putting up armed resistance against us all the time.
Q.† Who were the Razakars, Al-Badars and Al-Shams in your area?
A.† There were not so many of them in our area. But there were many operating at distant areas. There were some Razakars around Bhelarpar and Hakimpur; fewer around Katla and nearby places because there were more Awami League supporters in the area.
Q.† Who were members of the Peace Committee?
A.† One of them was a fellow by the name Fazla† Chairman. He was a former chairman (of the Union Parishad). He is still alive. His home was in Velarpar, a village on the western side of Birampur Haat. With his help the Razakars used to come in groups of 20s, 25s. They used to raid the Haat (marketplace).One day I was present in the Haat. That day he started shooting. I jumped into the† near- by pond and swam to the other side and ran for shelter and thus saved myself.
Q.† Were these anti-liberation elements arrested?
A.† When the war was on we had caught several of
them and took them across the border to
Q.† Where else did you fight?
A.† In 1971, around April 28 or 29 I first went
to the Circuit House of Balurghat and met our M.P. Dr. Wakiluddin and got an
identity letter from him. He said that we should get enrolled in the Kushmandi or Shibbari camp of Ganagarampur. A group of 32 of us went to Gangarampur. Once we reached Gangarampur
we went to a camp at Kasherdanga and got ourselves
enrolled. One Mr. George of Dinajpur was the
camp-in-charge. After I spent a few days I was transferred to† Patirampur
camp. Here at camp had-quarters I received training for a month and then I was
transferred to Balighata of Shiliguri.
After some training I received weapons at Tarangapur
and then from there to fight at any place of the district. I had to take oath
touching the soil of my land. After I received weapons I was taken to Hamzabari B.S.F camp, north of Shibbari haat of
Q.† How did you fight in Khanpur?
A.† There we fought a large-scale battle. We used to be in the front line and the Indians gave us cover with big weapons. We were foot-soldiers armed with S.L.Rs., stenguns† and L.M.Gs. We used to carry the dead or wounded Pakistani soldiers from their bunkers or the field and take away all their weapons and deposit them to the camp.
Q.† Where did you fight the most dangerous battle?
A.† The most dangerous battle took place around Ramsagar (a big lake) just south of Dinajpur town.
Q.† How did you fight there?
A.† Several hundreds of us were there. There were
also Indian Sikh soldiers. We jointly fought with the Pakistanis. Indian helicoptres were in the sky and tank regiment on the
ground. It lasted as long as four weeks. In the fifth week
Q.† How many Pakistani troops took part in the battle?
A.† They had dug themselves in bunkers with brick walls. I do not know exactly how many of them were there.
Q.† During this battle could you capture any Pakistani soldiers?
A.† Yes, we captured them. When they got hurt by shelling from helicopters and fighter planes, we would go in groups of a hundred or more and capture them and bring them back to our side.
Q.† How many Pakistani soldiers did you capture during this battle?
A.† Every day five or six of them, and some times even as many as ten. Those who were mortally wounded would die and the rest were sent to Indian prison.
Q.† What did you do after the Pakistani army surrendered?
A.† When the country became independent, we were
taken to the
Q.† How did you find the condition of your village?
A.† I returned home after Dec 16. There was a terrible sense of frustration and misery all around due to the destruction and looting of the village. There was no sign of our home, just emptiness. My father, mother, brother, none was in the village. They were still in the Patiram camp.
Q.† How did you find the condition of the schools, mosques and temples?
A.† In our village the schools and temples were damaged badly. Schools and temples of Birampur, Fulbari and Hili were all destroyed by the Pakistanis.
Q.† What did you do with your weapons after the war?
A.† After independence in 1971 we were stationed at the Dinajpur sadar hospital.
Here Capt. Shahriar asked us who among us would like to go on vacation. I told him that I would, and there was another of my colleagues whose name was Mohsin Ali also wanted to go on vacation. We fought together. Both of us deposited our arms and left for home.
†††††††† †Interviewer:††† Bhabendranath Barman
††† ††††††Date of Interview:†
†††††††† †Translator: Faruq Aziz Khan