Indo-Soviet Joint Statement at the
conclusion of U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Mr. 1.A. Gromyko's
visit to India, August 12. 1971
On the imitation of the Government of India, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of
the U.S.S.R.. His Excellency Mr. A. A. Gromyko,
paid an official visit to India from the August, 1971.
During his stay in New Delhi, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of
the U.S.S.R. called on the President of India, Shri
V. V. Giri, and was received by the Prime Minister of
Gandhi. He also met the Food & Agriculture Minister, ShriFakhruddinAfi Ahmed, the
Finance Minister, Shri Y. B. Chavan
and the Defence Minister, ShriJagjivan Ram. He had several meetings and talks with SardarSwaran Singh, Minister of
External Affairs of India.
The meetings and talks were held in an atmosphere of warm
friendship and cordiality. It was noted with deep satisfaction that the
friendly relations and fruitful co-operation between the Soviet Union and India in the political, economic, cultural,
technical and scientific fields are developing successfully and hold great
promise for further expansion. The political and legal basis for this
co-operation is further strengthened by the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and
Co-operation between the U.S.S.R. and India, which was signed in New Delhi by Mr. Swaran
Singh, Minister of External Affairs of India and Mr. A. A. Gromyko,
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the U.S.S.R.
Both sides consider that the conclusion of the Treaty is an
outstanding historic event for their two countries. The Treaty is a logical
outcome of the relations of sincere friendship, respect, mutual trust and the
varied ties which have been established between the Soviet Union and India in the course of many years and have
stood the test of time. It corresponds to the basic interests of the Indian and
Soviet peoples and opens up wide prospects for raising the fruitful
co-operation between the U.S.S.R. and India to a higher level. Alongside other
provisions concerning bilateral Soviet-Indian relations, the Treaty provides
for the two sides maintaining regular contacts with each other on major
international problems and holding mutual consultations with a view to taking
appropriate effective measures to safeguard the peace and security of their countries.
The Treaty between the U.S.S.R. and India is a real act of peace, expressing
the community of policy and aspirations of the U.S.S.R. and India in the struggle to strengthen peace
in Asia and throughout the world and for
safeguarding international security. All provisions of the Treaty serve these
purposes. The Treaty is not directed against anyone; it is meant to be a factor
in developing friendship and good-neighbourliness, in
keeping with the principles of the U.N. Charter.
The Governments of India and the U.S.S.R. are confident that
the conclusion of the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Co-operation will meet
with complete approval on the part of all those who are really interested in
the preservation of peace in Asia and throughout the world and on the part of
the Governments of all peace-loving States.
In the course of the meetings and
talks, both sides noted with satisfaction that their positions on various
problems discussed were identical or very close. The Minister of External
Affairs of India explained the heavy burden placed on India's resources due to over 7 million
refugees who had entered India. Both sides, after a detailed
discussion, reiterated their firm conviction that there can be no military
solution and considered it necessary that urgent steps be taken in East
Pakistan for the achievement of a political solution and for the creation of
conditions of safety for the return of the refugees to their homes which alone
would answer the interests of the entire people of Pakistan and the cause of
the preservation of peace in the area.
The Indian side expressed its gratitude for the understanding
of the problem shown by the Soviet Union as was evident from the Appeal addressed on 2nd
to the President of Pakistan by the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the
U.S.S.R. Mr. N. V. Podgorny.
Both sides held the view that outside interference in the
affairs of Indo-China should immediately cease. They consider that it will be
futile to attempt to impose any settlement not acceptable to the peoples of the
area. They welcomed the recent 7-point proposal of the Provisional
Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam as a concrete step forward which
could form the basis of a peaceful political settlement.
On West Asia.both sides
were convinced of the urgent need for the implementation of the Resolution of
the Security Council of November 22. 1967, so that the
consequences of aggression are liquidated.
Both sides considered that all international problems,
including border disputes must be settled by peaceful negotiations and that the
use of force or the threat of use of force is impermissible for their
Both sides declare that they are strongly in favour of an early agreement on general and complete
disarmament, including both nuclear and conventional weapons, under effective
The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the U.S.S.R. expressed his
gratitude for the cordial reception given to him by the Government of India.
Source: Bangladesh Documents, Vol
– II, p. 156 - 158