Relations, 1969-1976, Volume XI, South Asia Crisis, 1971
Released by the Office of
From President Nixon to Pakistani President Yahya/1/
Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 759,
Presidential Correspondence File, Pakistan (1971). No classification marking.
you for your two recent messages/2/ expressing your concern over indications of
a mounting threat to peace in the sub-continent and stressing the importance of
clarifying the stance of Aid-to-Pakistan Consortium countries toward future
economic assistance to Pakistan.
/2/ Documents 76 and 82.
am very pleased that Dr. Kissinger will have an opportunity to discuss with you
in Islamabad/3/ a number of questions that concern us both. He will deliver to
you this letter responding to both of your recent messages.
Kissinger left Washington on July 2 for what was
publicly described as a fact-finding trip to South Vietnam, Thailand, India, and Pakistan. The trip included a
secret visit to China, undertaken during
Kissinger's stop in Pakistan with the collaboration
of Yahya Khan. Kissinger returned from Pakistan on July 11.
Documentation on the China portion of the trip is
in Foreign Relations, 1969-1976, volume XVII, China, 1969-1972.
message of June 18 conveying your apprehension of a growing threat to the peace
of your region of the world has received my most serious consideration. This
trend is of grave concern to all friends of Pakistan and India alike, and I sincerely
trust that any such development can be averted through the exercise of good
will and the forebearance by all concerned.
you know, Foreign Minister Singh recently visited this country. He reflected
deep concern over the rising refugee problem India faces and the burden
which this problem is placing on the Indian economy and people. It remains our
earnest hope that you and your government will succeed in your efforts to
enable these refugees to return to their homes. For our part, we continue to
urge the Government of India to exercise restraint, as we have in our
discussions with you.
several recent statements welcoming the return to East Pakistan of all the refugees
irrespective of caste, creed or religion and promising them full protection
provide a necessary foundation along with the steps you have taken to
facilitate their return and rehabilitation. We recognize, too, the significance
of your initiative in seeking the assistance of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees. Your address to your countrymen on June 28/4/
setting forth the framework within which you propose to proceed in restoring
constitutional government and returning political power to the elected
representatives of your people is also an important step.
/4/ See Document 84.
misunderstanding that has arisen over the meeting of the Aid-to-Pakistan
Consortium in Paris on June 21 is
regrettable, and the anxiety which it has caused in your country
understandable. I sympathize with the statement you made in your address of
June 28 disapproving of foreign aid if political strings are attached.
Consortium meeting was an informal one. No decisions with respect to economic
aid to Pakistan were sought, and none
were reached. Furthermore, a common position was not developed whereby all
members of the Consortium would jointly suspend future aid or withhold already
committed assistance. The Consortium members are now awaiting the final reports
of the World Bank and Fund Missions and also the completion by your government
of a revised national development plan. As soon as resumption of national
development programs is possible, we expect that a formal meeting of the
Consortium, with Pakistani participation, will be called to review new aid
wish to proceed with new agreements, subject to U.S. legislative criteria,
as soon as adequate grounds are established for a resumption of economic
development throughout Pakistan. In the meantime, we
are extending new humanitarian relief aid to East Pakistan within the framework of
the UN-coordinated program, and are urging others to contribute as well.
continue to let me know of any ways in which you feel we can help promote our
common interests in safeguarding the peace of your region and the welfare of
Source: Document 85, volume XI, South
Asia crisis 1971, Department of State.