11.61 P.R. OLIVER CALLS ON MUMTAZ DAULTANA, MAULANA MAUDOODI, AND THE NAWAB OF MAMDOT
Public Record Office
REF: FCO 37/472
British High Commission,
R.J. Stratton, Esq.,
5 June I called on three further political leaders in
2. He drew an interesting contrast between Ayub's imposition of martial law and that of President Yahya; the former had acted as though he and he alone could introduce the millennium, whereas the latter made no such claim and was "tidying up the room rather than re-designing it." He was cautiously optimistic about the chances of the Council Muslim League in a general election, but could not be drawn into any conjecture about possible groupings of parties. Unlike Shaukat, he was not contemptuous about the Justice Party, but rather grieved that a man of Asghar Khan's calibre should embark on an abortive attempt to found a party instead of continuing on his own to try to bring about a reconciliation and cementing of already established parties. He felt that the Air Marshal might yet see wisdom and revert to his former role if he were convinced that the Justice Party stood no chance of success.
3. I next had a rather shorter and more succinct interview with Maulana Syed Abul Ala Maudoodi (Jama'at-i-Islami, No. 104 in the 1967 Personalities). He received me in an old-fashioned working office, surrounded by religious tomes and pamphlets, and looking like a cross between a university professor, Father Divine and the prophet Moses. He was both courteous and affable, but took an early opportunity to denounce those Pakistanis "who were more British than the British." He then went on to denounce Socialism (true Communism existed nowhere in the world and was an unattainable ideal; and the British Government had its socialism leavened by a fair measure of capitalism). He said that the standpoint of his party was perfectly clear and straightforward; they were prepared to work with any party which stood for Islamic Principles, Unity of Pakistan and Anti-Socialism and reeled off the foreseeable list of unacceptable parties with the litany-like refrain "we cannot work with them."
4. Since he was manifestly unwilling to engage in any kind of speculation about possible development, I took my leave sooner than might otherwise have been the case, still uncertain whether he would call down on my head a patriarchal blessing or heave the tablets of the law at my car.
5. It was with some measure of relief
that I called on the Nawab of Mamdot (Convention Muslim League), who surely
merits, but does not hold, a place in the "Personalities." He looked
frail, and admitted that he had only returned unwillingly to politics at the
time of the Round Table Conference, and had no aspirations to become a
political leader again. He admitted that the Convention Muslim League had
suffered a setback with the eclipse of the Ayub regime, but felt that
nevertheless it stood a better chance of success than did the Council Muslim
League, if only because no one trusted Mian Daultana in the slightest degree,
whether they were electors or politicians. He claimed that Shaukat (who, he
said, had recently been in touch with him) was seriously considering a return
to the Convention Muslim League. He felt that Bhutto would probably gain
majority support in
6. Even if there is no sign of a clear pattern yet in the mosaic, I find all this interaction of intrigue fascinating. But I hope the exercise will prove worthwhile!
7. 1 am copying this to
The British Papers – Secret and Confidential India.Pakistan.Bangladesh