Memorandum from Secretary of State Rogers to President Nixon/1/
/1/ Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Files 1970-73, POL INDIA-PAK. Secret. Drafted by Quainton on May 25 and cleared by Schneider.
Possible India-Pakistan War
things have created the danger of war: continued military repression, economic
dislocation and lack of political accommodation in
possibility of war introduces a new and greater threat to US interests in
We are engaged
in a series of actions in regard to both
been emphasizing three key points to the Pakistanis, both here and in
pursued three courses with regard to the Indians. First, since the refugee
burden seems to be India's major problem now, we have taken a number of steps
to encourage India to manage this problem by getting international assistance
rather than by taking direct action against East Pakistan as some Indians are
urging. Partly because of our actions U Thant is
getting an effective international assistance program underway. We are already
helping and will be stepping up our assistance. Second, we have taken up with
the Indians their cross-border support to guerrillas and have privately
cautioned them against direct action. Third, in order to persuade the Indians
that a solution to the
prepared contingency plans in the event that there is an outbreak of
William P. Rogers
A. Allocated $2.5 million to refugee relief. These funds used to feed 300,000 refugees and contribute $500,000 to UNHCR.
B. Encouraged and supported UNSYG and UNHCR in organizing international refugee relief program.
Recommended approval of proposal to provide four C-130s for airlift of refugees
from Tripura to
the Indians on what we are doing to get relief operations started in
Indians to use restraint in relations with
GOP to request the UNSYG to coordinate large program of international relief
assistance for people of
B. Initiated contingency planning under Interdepartmental Working Group for US contribution to relief program; we contemplate PL-480 food aid, financing of inland water transport charters and support for US voluntary agencies.
C. Urged Yahya to restore peaceful conditions in
D. Urged Yahya to seek political accommodation with Bengalis, and to make comprehensive public statement of his plans for this and for restoration of economic normalcy.
Arranged to send USDA port specialist to
F. Urged Yahya to improve port and inland distribution facilities to permit distribution of relief and other commodities to the populace.
Emphasized to GOP need for maintaining restraint toward